Theory Driven Mobile-Based Interventions: A Scoping Review
Jenna Brager, PhDc, BSN-RN, MS1, Melissa Pinto, PhD2, RN, FAAN, Adam Kaplin, MD, PhD3
1Johns Hopkins University, School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD, USA
2Emory University, Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing and Rollins School of Public Health
3Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
Corresponding Author: Melissa.firstname.lastname@example.org
Journal MTM 6:3:48–65, 2017
Background: Mobile technology is a rapidly evolving field allowing healthcare providers to reach patients outside of a traditional face-to-face setting. Fortunately, interventions are now becoming readily available via mobile devices such as mobile phones, smart phones, and tablets, yet there has been little attention to the design of these interventions so that they are theoretically-driven (informed according to a behavioral theory or model) and ethically performed.
Objective: To provide data on theoretically-driven interventions that were empirically tested and to analyze the features and strategies used to implement these interventions.
Review Methods: This study employed a scoping review methodology according to the Joann Briggs Institute. An electronic database search yielded 20 eligible articles.
Results: The participants spanned various health domains: cardiovascular (weight control, physical activity, diabetes), cancer (pap testing), prenatal care, substance use (alcohol recovery, smoking cessation), and HIV and/or sexual risk assessment. Social Cognitive Theory, Health Belief Model, and Transtheoretical Model were applied most frequently to guide interventions.
Conclusion: Future work should focus on the application of theory and how various implementation techniques translate to the overall effectiveness of the intervention.
Keywords: mobile technology; theory; model; mhealth; mobile application; text-messaging